The law acknowledges a doctor’s freedom of consciousness, he or she is free to execute or not euthanasia or assistance to suicide. A doctor may refuse to perform such a medical procedure on the ground of his or her personal convictions. In the same way no nurse or any other person is under the obligation to provide any assistance or participate to euthanasia or assistance to suicide.

The freedom of consciousness is however a personal freedom, not an institutional one. Hospitals, healthcare or rehabilitation facilities, etc. may not validly invoke that freedom to deny a doctor to accept within his or her organisation to carry out euthanasia or assistance to suicide, when the conditions provided for by the law are fulfilled.